PGS Daily Dinosaur – Giraffatitan brancai

The name says it all – Giraffatitan brancai is the most giraffe-like dinosaur known. The name is also Gregory Paul’s favorite, as he admits in the introduction to The Princeton Field Guide to Dinosaurs. Scroll down to learn more about Giraffatitan, and be sure to check out the other daily dinosaurs here.

Giraffatitan brancai
This image is taken from The Princeton Field Guide to Dinosaurs by Gregory S. Paul. It may not be reproduced elsewhere without permission.

Giraffatitan brancai
6 m (20 ft) TL, 600 kg (1,300 lb)
FOSSIL REMAINS Several complete and partial skulls and partial skeletons.
ANATOMICAL CHARACTERISTICS Snout shelf long. Neck very long. Tall withers at shoulder anchored unusually deep neck tendons. Back trunk vertebrae relatively small. Tail short (for sauropods). Arm and hand exceptionally long, and humerus longer than femur, so shoulders very high, limbs long relative to body. Thumb claw small.
AGE Late Jurassic, Late Kimmeridgian/Early Tithonian.
DISTRIBUTION AND FORMATION Tanzania; middle Tendaguru..
HABITAT Coastal, seasonally dry with heavier vegetation further inland.
NOTES The most giraffe-like dinosaur known, is not placeable in the Brachiosaurus it was long assigned to. Some remains placed in G. brancai from middle and upper Tendaguru may be different taxa. Both neck and limb length used to increase vertical reach. Shared its habitat with Dicraeosaurus.